Python Programming language is one of the most popular programming languages in the world, and it is very widely used for different purposes. It is a high-level, object-oriented, and interpreter-based programming language. Python is very simple and easy to learn, which is why many people choose to learn python, and many beginners also try their hands on python programming language, so as to get started.
There are so many features related to the python programming language, which is why many people learn and use this language, and many big companies also use this language somewhere in their projects. So, if you are curious to know about the features of the python programming language, or you want to get started with learning a python programming language, but you want to first get an idea about the features that it provides, we have got you covered. Here, we are going to discuss some of the features of the Python programming language.
Features of Python programming language
First of all, we are going to list some of the features over here, and then we are going to discuss them one by one. So, here is the list of some of the features of Python programming language –
- Easy to learn
- Easy-to-read programs
- Python is an interpreter-based programming language
- Free and Open source programming language
- Python follows Object oriented programming approach
- Python is a high-level programming language
- Python is portable.
- Dynamically typed programming language
- Extensive Built-in libraries
- Python is platform-independent.
- Support for Graphical User Interface(GUI)
- Python is an Extensible programming language
Now, that we have the list of some of the features of the Python programming language with us, lets now discuss these features one by one –
Easy to learn
This can be considered as one of the key features of Python, that it is easy to learn. Anyone can get started with learning a python programming language in very less time. This is one of the reasons why many people consider learning python as their first programming language. However, exploring and learning advanced concepts in python would take some more time. The syntax is also very simple when compared to some other programming languages like C or C++, or Java.
This can be considered as another very useful feature, which simply says that python programs are easy to read, and you would realize, or understand this feature when you read the python programs. There are no brackets and no semicolons. If we are defining some block here, we make use of indentations. When we read the program, we can easily understand what the program does.
Python is an interpreter-based programming language
You might have heard about some other programming languages like C or C++, which are compiled programming languages. Unlike them, Python is an interpreted programming language. We can simply understand this as if there is a program called an interpreter, which executes our python program line by line. This is not like the compiled languages, where the whole code is converted into machine-understandable code.
Free and open-source programming language
Python is a free and open-source programming language. This means that it is completely free to use, and anyone can download it from the official website of python, and use it.
Python follows Object Oriented Programming approach
Object Oriented Programming is a very popular and widely used approach, for problem-solving. This is one of the key features of python, it follows the Object Oriented Programming approach. There are many other programming languages as well, which follow this approach, like Java, C++, R, Swift, Dart, etc.
Python is a high-level programming language
Python is a high-level programming language, and this is one of the features which makes python, a very programmer-friendly language. Here, one does not have to remember the system architecture or memory management.
Python is portable
Portability is one of the key features of the python programming language. This simply means that if we have written our python code into some platform, and now we want to take it to some another platform, we can simply do it, without being required to make any kind of changes to the code, which makes python portable.
Dynamically typed programming language
In many different programming languages like C, C++, or Java, one needs to specify the data type of the variables in the program. But in python, we do not have to declare the type of the variable, but just assign the data to the variable, and the type is decided at the runtime.
Extensive built-in libraries
Well, there are many built – in libraries in python, that can be imported into the program, and then can be used. Since the libraries are present, we do not have to write codes for everything. Instead, there are many libraries for different things, which we just need to import whenever needed.
Python is Platform independent
Python is a platform-independent programming language. This is another amazing feature of python. Platform independence means that if you are writing a python program on one platform, it would also run on some other platforms, without needing to make changes. This is contrary to some languages like C, where if you are writing and compiling a C program on a windows machine, it won’t just execute on a Mac directly(this is platform-dependent).
Support for Graphical User Interface (GUI)
A graphical User Interface is one of the important things for any programming language. It is something that helps the user interact with the software without having to have knowledge about all the technical things included in the software. There are many Toolkits or frameworks like Tkinter, Kivy, and many others, using which, we can create the Graphical User Interface with Python.
Python is an Extensible programming language
Python programming language is an extensible programming language. We can say that a language is extensible if it can be extended to other languages. Our python code can also be written in other languages, like C / C++ programming language, and also we can compile that code into C / C++ language.
So, these were some of the features related to Python programming language. Python is one of the most popular and a widely used programming languages in the world. We simply saw that Python is object-oriented, dynamically typed, interpreted, open source, easy to learn, and a lot of other features are there, which make python stand strong as one of the most popular programming languages in the world.
FAQ about Features of Python programming language
Q: What is Python?
Ans: Python is a high-level, object-oriented, interpreter-based programming language. It is one of the most popular programming languages and is very widely used for different purposes.
Q: Is python interpreted or compiled programming language?
Ans: Python is an interpreter-based programming language.
Q: What can we do with the python programming language?
Ans: Python can be used for different purposes, like for creating Desktop applications, or in web development (Using frameworks like Django or flask), automation, Machine learning, Game development, and much much more.